On the other hand, Denver’s 2007 black market sex economy was less than one-third of the 2013 Denver Broncos’ payroll. It is also critical for judges, police, and policymakers to ask, what are the forces that compel someone to engage in the underground commercial sex economy; what are the business models, practices, and objectives; how does rapidly changing technology influence the industry; and what are the risks borne by those working in the shadows?

Runaway and homeless youth are a vulnerable population often targeted by pimps.

Prostitution is said to be the world’s oldest profession, but understanding the size and scope of this economy, and the methods and actors involved in this trade, is still a murky endeavor.

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Only 15 percent of pimps admitted to using violence against their employees at some point, but that number is likely low. And the first order of business is typically to collect all the money. I smoked weed so I didn’t have a problem with them smoking weed. I wouldn’t even take those girls—ask straight up, you have any habits?

For their part, nearly one-third of the pimps said they entered the underground commercial sex economy because they grew up around it. When they have a habit, I’d put some money in their bra, take a little to get high with [and then send them away].” “These girls, they don’t get no cut or anything, but they do get anything they want or need,” one pimp said.

Others prefer that their employees not smoke marijuana or drink, but still tolerate it. Young dudes usually want to do drugs with them or rob them.

Black dudes might try to fight them or might be pimps.

The research yields the first scientifically rigorous estimates for the revenue generated in the underground commercial sex economies of Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Miami, San Diego, Seattle, and Washington, DC, in 20.

These economies, in 2007, ranged in value from .9 million to 0 million.

Atlanta had the largest underground commercial sex economy in 2007 at 0 million, and Denver had the smallest at .9 million.

To put these numbers in perspective, Atlanta’s underground commercial sex economy in 2007 was nearly 2.5 times bigger than the 2013 payroll of the Atlanta Falcons.

Desperate to escape her former life, her hopes for a better future propel her to the nation’s capital.

But where she dreams of starting anew, others wait inside the bus station for the chance to exploit her femininity, economic desperation, family problems, low self-esteem, or history of sexual victimization.

Exposure to sex work as children made the trade seem like a normal, achievable means to earn a living. “The reason you don’t give them their own money, they would be like ‘I can just keep this.’” Indeed, many pimps say they use deprivation to create dependency and motivate their employees by either compensating them with material goods or denying them these rewards.