Winthrop Realty Trust is a Boston and New York-based real estate investment trust publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “FUR”.Our principal business activities include investing and making loans secured by real estate, joint venture investments with local real estate partners and acquiring equity and debt securities where the underlying assets consist of real estate.

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That right will be triggered on the sale, so we need to deal with that before we can know how much everyone gets.

There are various types of liquidation preference, including an annual rate like the interest on a loan, but the most common is either the amount invested or a multiple of that amount.

Let’s say that your dead spot is $25-65 million and you get an acquisition offer at $45 million.

You think that things are going well and in 12 months you would be looking at an offer closer to $60 million, so you might be willing to turn this one down and push on.

If the investor in our example had a liquidation preference that would pay out twice the amount invested (a “”) then the waterfall on the $30 million sale would be:- Step 1: Pay the prefs $10,000,000; and- Step 2: Share out the remaining proceeds among the ords.

So the founder team gets million, rather than the million that we would have expected from the valuation and the cap table.

Because the liquidation amount is a fixed number (not a percentage), the lower the value of the liquidity event the greater the proportion of the proceeds that will go to the investor - even up to 100 percent, if the proceeds are less than the amount needed to pay the preference.

The investor will also have the option to convert the prefs into ords, abandoning the liquidation preference and just taking their percentage of the proceeds.

Where required, management has the skill sets to provide the property management, asset management and construction management expertise in order for our investments to realize their full potential.

With certain limitations, we will invest in real estate asset categories as well as most positions throughout the capital structure.

Return on prefs which participate like this (sometimes called “”) will always be better than return on the ords, so there is no size of exit at which it makes more sense for the investor to convert, and therefore also no dead spot in the valuation chain.