The battle left American forces in control of Intramuros, the center of Manila, surrounded by Philippine revolutionary forces, creating the conditions for the Battle of Manila of 1899 and the start of the Philippine–American War.

After the American victory in Manila Bay on May 1, 1898, the United States Navy, under Admiral George Dewey, blockaded the city of Manila and waited for land forces to arrive.

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The American consul in Hong Kong gave the information needed: 21,000 men including 4,000 Filipinos, all except 1,000 of them in Manila.

By mid-June, some 30,000 Filipino revolutionaries under General Antonio Luna had dug fourteen miles of trenches around Manila.

The first was connected to the period when the Philippines was part of New Spain and later the Spanish East Indies; Filipinos, via the Manila galleons, would migrate to North America.

The second wave was during the period when the Philippines were a territory of the United States; as U. Nationals, Filipinos were unrestricted from immigrating to the US by the Immigration Act of 1917 that restricted other Asians.

President Truman and members of his party pose on the north steps of the "Little White House," the President's residence in Potsdam, Germany during the Potsdam Conference, with their Filipino stewards.

Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense; Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano) was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic (Spanish: República Filipina) and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899 to July 2, 1902.General Arthur Mac Arthur, Jr., advancing simultaneously on the Pasay road, encountered and overcame resistance at the blockhouses, trenches, and woods to his front, advanced and held the bridges and the town of Malate. troops observed a white flag displayed on the walls of Intramuros. General Merritt soon personally followed, met with Governor General Jaudenes, and concluded a preliminary agreement of the terms of capitulation. The war with Spain came to an end, but in February 1899 the Philippine–American War broke out. Army private fired the first shot at a Filipino revolutionary soldier and Filipino revolutionary forces returned fire. Aguinaldo sent a ranking member of his staff to Elwell Stephen Otis, the U. military commander, with the message that the firing had been against his orders.This placed Manila in American possession, except for Intramuros. Though a bloodless mock battle had been planned, Spanish troops had opened fire in a skirmish which left six Americans and forty-nine Spaniards dead when Filipino revolutionaries, thinking that the attack was genuine, joined advancing U. Tensions between the Filipino forces under Aguinaldo and the American Expeditionary forces was high. They had looked on the Americans as aiding liberators against Spanish occupation. Spain had learned of Augustín's intentions to surrender Manila to the Americans, which had been the reason he had been replaced by Jaudenes. On August 13, 1898 with American commanders unaware that a peace protocol had been signed between Spain and the U. the previous day, Dewey began his bombardment as scheduled.Covert negotiations continued, with the details of the mock battle being arranged on 10 August. Dewey directed his ship captains to spare Manila any serious damage but gunners on one ship, unaware of the negotiated arrangements, scored several direct hits before its captain was able to cease firing and withdraw from the line.The fourth and present wave of immigration began in 1965 with passing of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 into law.