Part of the longest railway system in the world, the classic Trans-Siberian railway runs from Moscow to Vladivostok, a city near Russia’s borders with China and North Korea.

Begun in 1891 by Tsar Alexander III and completed by his son, Tsar Nicholas II, in 1916, the line is known as the route of the tsars.

Located in Novgorod, Russia’s oldest city, Saint Sophia Cathedral is situated within the grounds of the city’s Kremlin.

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The 250-acre grounds include the Armoury, filled with royal treasures of the past, and the Diamond Fund Exhibition, a collection of jewelry that includes a 190-carat diamond given to Catherine the Great.

Founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great, the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia is a massive museum of art and culture showing the highlights of a collection of over 3 million items spanning the globe.

Most travelers use the train as overnight accommodation from one destination to the next.

The train features first-, second- and third-class sleepers, some with private bathrooms and showers.

The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings including the Winter Palace, a former residence of Russian emperors.

Built between 15 and situated in the heart of Moscow, St.Saint Sophia Cathedral features an array of ancient religious artifacts, including The Mother of God of the Sign, an icon that legend says saved Novgorod from attack in 1169.The cathedral’s three famous ornately carved gates also date back to the 12th century.Basil’s Cathedral has been among the top tourist attractions in Russia.It is not the building’s interior artifacts that attract visitors, but rather the cathedral’s distinctive architecture.Situated on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, the Valley of Geysers is the second largest geyser field in the world.