It is rapidly metabolized by the liver and does not cause histamine release like the former formulation. Plasma pharmacokinetics of alfaxalone in both premedicated and unpremedicated Greyhound dogs after single, intravenous administration of Alfaxan at a clinical dose.

side effects of sedating a cat-83

With progressive pain, other pain medications might require continual administration.

According to Mar Vista Animal Medical Center, the actual chemistry of how gabapentin works in the body is still not known.

The brand names were Althesin® for the human product and Saffan® for the veterinary market.

Both products were withdrawn from the market because of severe adverse effects.

For instance a cat after it has been hit by a car, an obstructed male cat or a very anxious small breed dog in which you don’t want to use other sedatives. Muir W, Lerche P, Wiese A, Nelson L, Pasloske K, Whittem T. Muir W, Lerche P, Wiese A, Nelson L, Pasloske K, Whittem T.

Within minutes, alfaxalone can make an anxious, fearful and stressed cat or small dog into a meek and relaxed patient that will tolerate IV catheterization, examination, and treatment safely (for both patient and doctor). We can reduce the stress caused by physically restraining such an animal enormously.

Unlike propofol, alfaxalone has little or no cardiovascular effects when given in the normal dosage. Comparison of the anesthetic efficacy and cardiopulmonary effects of continuous rate infusions of alfaxalone-2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin and propofol in dogs.

At dosages of 20 mg/kg or more, cardiac output is diminished but this is well above the clinical dose Alfaxan® can be safely combined with premedicants (xylazine, (dex)medetomidine, acepromazine, midazolam), opioids (morphine, methadone, hydromorphone, butorphanol, nalbuphine, buprenorphine, fentanyl), and NSAIDs.

Usually well tolerated by cats, gabapentin does have potential side effects that include lethargy and odd movements or loss of coordination, especially while walking. It shouldn't be prescribed for pregnant or lactating cats, or for those with kidney or liver disease.

If your cat also receives antacids while on the medication, they can reduce gabapentin's efficacy.

If your oldster doesn't move much anymore due to chronic arthritis, ask your vet about gabapentin.