Solomon was traditionally considered the author of several Biblical books, "including not only the collections of Proverbs, but also of Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon and the later apocryphal book the Wisdom of Solomon." According to the Bible, Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines.

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One woman promptly renounced her claim, proving that she would rather give up the child than see it killed.

Solomon declared the woman who showed compassion to be the true mother, entitled to the whole child.

In particular he continued his father's very profitable relationship with the Phoenician king Hiram of Tyre (see 'wealth' below); they sent out joint expeditions to the lands of Tarshish and Ophir to engage in the trade of luxury products, importing gold, silver, sandalwood, pearls, ivory, apes and peacocks.

Solomon is considered the most wealthy of the Israelite kings named in the Bible.

Solomon, as instructed by David, began his reign with an extensive purge, including his father's chief general, Joab, among others, and further consolidated his position by appointing friends throughout the administration, including in religious positions as well as in civic and military posts.

Solomon greatly expanded his military strength, especially the cavalry and chariot arms.

In the Quran, he is considered a major prophet, and Muslims generally refer to him by the Arabic variant Sulayman, son of David.

Solomon (Arabic سليمان Sulaymān) was, according to the Qur'an, a king of ancient Israel as well as the son of David.

The Hebrew Bible credits him as the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem.